Apple (Malus domestica)
The apple is probably the world's most widely recognized fruit. It was domesticated thousands of years ago in Eurasia and is now grown throughout the world's temperate regions. Apple trees bear beautiful pink-white flowers in the springtime. The fruits mature in the autumn, and are eaten fresh, cooked, or pressed into cider. Several thousand cultivars exist, but only a few dozen are grown on modern, large-scale commercial orchards.